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Psalms


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Find the psalm you are studying on the following chart:15 Once you identify the type of psalm, and the typical structure it follows, it will help to understand the main point and subpoints. Also refer to the poetry section for more interpretive steps for the Psalms.


LAMENT
LAMENT
Individual 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 17, 22, 25, 26, 27, 28, 31, 35, 36?, 38, 39, 40:12-17, 41, 42, 43, 51, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 59, 61, 63?, 64, 69, 70, 71, 77, 86, 88, 102, 108, 109, 120, 130, 139?, 140, 141, 142, 143
Community 44, 58, 60, 74, 79, 80, 82, 83, 85, 90, 94, 106, 115?, 123, 126, 129?, 137
Songs of Trust
Individual 4, 11, 16, 23, 27?, 40:1-11, 62, 63?, 131
Community

46?, 115?, 125, 129?

 

A Lament is a song that expresses sadness to the Lord and asks for His help. (Largest category = 60 psalms). A song of trust emphasizes that God is trustworthy, even when the situation is bleak.
Typical Structure: Introductory Petition, Lament, Confession of Trust, Petition, (Confidence of being heard), Vow of Praise.


DECLARATIVE PRAISE
Individual 18, 21, 22, 30, 32, 34, 66:13-20, 92, 107, 116, 118, 121, 138
Community 46?, 65, 66:1-12, 67, 68?, 75?, 124, 129?

Declarative Praise is a song that praises God for His specific deliverance in a situation. Exodus most common. Typical Structure: (Intention to praise), Introduction, Reflection on past need, Report of Deliverance, (Renewed Vow of Praise), (Praise or Instruction)


DECLARATIVE PRAISE
Hymns 8, 19:1-6, 24, 29, 33, 36?, 66, 78?, 95, 100, 103, 104, 105, 111, 113, 114, 117, 135, 136, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150
Songs of God’s Kingship 47, 93, 96, 97, 98, 99
Songs of Zion 46?, 48, 76?, 84, 87, 122
Royal Psalms 2, 18, 20, 21, 45, 72, 89, 101, 110, 132, 144

Descriptive Praise praises God for His great (general) attributes and mighty deeds.
Typical Structure: Call to Praise, Cause for Praise, Renewed Call to Praise


DIDACTIC
Wisdom Psalms 1, 36?, 37, 49, 73, 78?, 91, 112, 127, 128, 133, 139?
Torah Psalms 47, 93, 96, 97, 98, 99
Songs of Zion 46?, 48, 76?, 84, 87, 122
Royal Psalms 2, 18, 20, 21, 45, 72, 89, 101, 110, 132, 144

Didacticpsalms teach about wisdom, Torah, or other topics.

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